If you are completely new to Ayurveda all the different Sanskrit terms can be overwhelming. Trying to distinguish ama from mala and gunas from doshas? Then start here with this ayurvedic dictionary for beginners.
Sanskrit is a very rich language. Often Sanskrit words don’t even have a good translation in English. They may also be interpreted in different ways. (Try to find a good description of the concept of a ‘dosha’).
I use these words in my blog posts all the time… so I thought it was time to put together a dictionary of ayurvedic terms. If you have any other words that still mystify you drop a comment below this post. I will add it to the list!
Looking for a Sanskrit yoga dictionary instead? Then read this.
Also ‘abhyangam’, massage therapy with warm oil or ghee. Abhyanga uses long strokes over the body with medium pressure. Abhyanga (re)activates the marma points (see below) and moves lymph and toxins.
Digestive fire, enzymes, our metabolism. ‘Samagni’ is normal digestion. You can also have low Agni (slow or incomplete digestion) or strong Agni (fast digestion)
Toxins; the undigested leftover of food eaten. When Agni is low, ama will be created in the body. The presence of ama is one of the first stages of manifestation of disease. A white coating on the tongue (after tongue scraping) or food pieces in your faeces are some indications of ama in the body.
‘science’ or ‘knowledge’ of ‘life’, life science, the ancient system to live a long and healthy life. Ayurveda comprises knowledge about ideal nutrition, lifestyle and medicine according to your unique mind-body type. Also called ‘yoga’s sister science’.
‘tissue’, as in the 7 physical tissues the body is made up of.
‘that which can go out of balance’. Also: ‘fault’. Bodily humour; the 3 types in ayurveda or 3 energies that make up the body and mind.
clarified butter (also ghrita, gritham). Used for cooking, as vehicle for medicinal herbs and massage. Ghee is shelf stable (no need to put in the fridge). All the things that make milk/butter difficult to digest are taken out. Fresh ghee has a caramel like scent (which is why it is often used in Indian sweets!)
property of a food or medicine; also applied to the 3 mental attributes sattva, rajas and tamas (‘the 3 gunas’)
pure cane sugar
the combination of Water and Earth elements, one of the 3 doshas
(also ‘kichadi’ or ‘kidgeree‘); a simple dish of rice and mung beans used as preparation for ayurvedic detox and rejuvenation therapies
bodily waste product, waste matter, excretory substances (faeces, sweat, urine)
energy points in the body. They are similar but not (all) equal to reflex points or accupressure points.
life sap. When food is digested and assimilated correctly ojas is the end product of our metabolism. It is the essence of our immune system; that distinguishable glow of health
‘five actions’, ayurvedic detox therapies to remove ama from the body.
often referred to as ‘fire’ but it is a combination of the fire and water elements; one of the 3 doshas
the nature of a substance; also the body constitution at conception
food offered to God/Spirit; food made with love
action impulse; wanting to act; one of the 3 mental gunas
‘taste’, what we detect with the tongue. Also: ‘plasma’
the collection of ayurvedic rejuvenation practices and treatments
wholesome activity executed with mindfulness eg the sadhanas of food preparation
(‘wholesome’, compatible): what is good for the body
‘purity’, also adjective ‘sattvic’, pure; one of the 3 mental gunas
‘channels’ of the body. They can be physical (found with dissection of the body) or energetic (as in meridians)
‘inertia’, want to stay the same, unchanging (also: ‘tamasic’), one of the 3 mental gunas
the dosha made up of air and ether elements
other name for Vata, ‘air’ or ‘wind’, one of the 3 doshas
current body constitution (can be different from the body constitution at conception); dosha imbalance
‘aftertaste’, taste after digestion of food; not detected with the tongue
‘potency, energy’ of a substance. As in energy of a food or medicine: cooling or heating.